Signs and Evidence

Making clinical sense of scientific data


Beware of the limitations of this tool

Mitral insufficiency

Calculated pretest probability: 2.4 %
Relevant inclusion criteria: All adults 

Clinical signs

1Systolic murmur

Sources used:

1.Iversen K et al. Effect of teaching and type of stethoscope on cardiac auscultatory performance. Am Heart J 2006;152:85.e1285.e7
2.Delling FN et al. Epidemiology and Pathophysiology of Mitral Valve Prolapse: New Insights into Disease Progression, Genetics, and Molecular Basis. Circulation. 2014 May 27; 129(21): 2158–2170