Signs and Evidence

Making clinical sense of scientific data

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Beware of the limitations of this tool

Spondylolysis

Calculated pretest probability: 9.4 %
Relevant inclusion criteria: All back pain 


Clinical signs

1Passive lumbar extension test





Sources used:

1.Ferrari S et al. A literature review of clinical tests for lumbar instability in low back pain: validity and applicability in clinical practice. Chiropr Man Therap. 2015; 23: 14
2.Brinjikji W et al. MRI Findings of Disc Degeneration are More Prevalent in Adults with Low Back Pain than in Asymptomatic Controls: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2015 Dec;36(12):2394-9