Signs and Evidence

Making clinical sense of scientific data


Beware of the limitations of this tool

Spinal stenosis

Calculated pretest probability: 9.3 %


1Urinary symptoms
2Intermittent claudication
3Bilateral plantar numbness

Sources used:

1.Ebell MH et al. A literature review of clinical tests for lumbar instability in low back pain: validity and applicability in clinical practice. Chiropr Man Therap. 2015; 23: 14
2.Suri P et al. Does this older adult with lower extremity pain have the clinical syndrome of lumbar spinal stenosis? JAMA. 2010 Dec 15;304(23):2628-36
3.Schroeder GD et al. Lumbar Spinal Stenosis: How Is It Classified? J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2016 Dec;24(12):843-852